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February 5, 2023

Rules of Origin Rcep Upsc

Important issues that remained unresolved during the RCEP negotiations concerned India`s exposure to China. This included India`s fears that there was “inadequate” protection against import increases. It considers that there could also be possible circumvention of rules of origin – the criteria used to determine the national origin of a product – without which some countries could dump them through other countries with lower tariffs. The rule of origin sets customs duties on a good based on the country in which the good is manufactured. The current provisions of RCEP do not prevent countries from circumventing their products from other countries. As the summary of the final agreement shows, the pact covers and attempts to resolve some of the issues that had characterized India, including rules of origin, trade in services and movement of people. Therefore, India is reviewing its decision and looking at RCEP through the prism of economic realism. www.thehindu.com/news/international/japan-still-hopes-india-will-re-join-rcep-japan-cabinet-official-noriyuki-shikata/article652438 RCEP, which is currently considered the “largest” regional trade agreement, was originally negotiated between 16 ASEAN countries and countries with which they have free trade agreements (FTAs): Australia, China, Japan, Korea, New Zealand and India. India, as the initial negotiator of RCEP, has the option to join the agreement without having to wait 18 months, as provided for in the terms of the compact for new members. RCEP signatories said they planned to start negotiations with India as soon as it applied for its intention to join the pact “in writing” and that it could attend meetings as an observer prior to accession. India is demanding strict rules of origin to prevent countries like China from flooding the Indian market by bypassing their products by other RCEP countries that have lower tariffs. Forgoing the chance to join RCEP would mean that India would not only miss out on regional trade, but would also lose the ability to set the rules as well as investment standards for the group.

Especially at a time of global uncertainty and challenges to multilateralism and the international economic order, a negative message on RCEP would undermine India`s economic growth plans. India should proceed with great caution in future negotiations so that we are able to maximize the benefits we derive from the group with minimal threat to our national economy. It is a trade agreement between the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and China, Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand. 10 ASEAN members and their FTA partner countries (FTAs) decided to form a regional economic grouping, which they called RCEP. It currently has 15 member countries. Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad): This is an informal security forum established to discuss security implications in the Indo-Pacific region and to mediate synergies among Member States. India currently has agreements with members such as the ASEAN bloc, South Korea and Japan, and is negotiating agreements with members such as Australia and New Zealand. Two India-Singapore ECSC reviews were completed; the India-Bhutan Trade and Transit Agreement was renewed in 2016; And the Indo-Nepal trade agreement was extended in 2016. The Indo-Korean review of CEPA, which began in 2016, concluded eight rounds of negotiations. India has begun discussing the India-Japan CEPA and the India-ASEAN Free Trade Agreement with its trading partners. Applicants can learn more about other free trade agreements (FTAs) and areas at the following links: This article will detail the relevance of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) for India. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP): There are concerns that India`s decision could affect its bilateral trade relations with RCEP member states, as they may be more inclined to focus on strengthening economic ties within the bloc.

This move could potentially leave India less leeway to tap into the vast market that RCEP represents – the size of the deal is gigantic, as the countries involved represent more than 2 billion of the world`s population. Background: The leaders of the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations made a strong commitment to conclude negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Free Trade Agreement by the end of 2019. On 4 November 2019, India decided to suspend talks on “important outstanding issues”. According to a government official, India had “constantly” raised “fundamental questions” and concerns throughout the negotiations and was urged to adopt this position, as they had not been resolved by the deadline for signing the agreement. Their decision was to safeguard the interests of industries such as agriculture and dairy products and give an advantage to the country`s service sector. According to officials, RCEP`s current structure still does not address these questions and concerns. 📣 Click here to follow Express explained on Telegram Answer: Free trade agreements are agreements between two or more countries or trading blocs that primarily agree to reduce or eliminate tariff and non-tariff barriers to substantial trade between them. Free trade agreements generally concern trade in goods (e.g. agricultural or industrial products) or trade in services (e.g. banking, construction, trade, etc.).

Free trade agreements may also cover other areas such as intellectual property rights, investment, government procurement and competition policy, etc. Free trade agreements with countries have boosted our trade, but in reality, they have increased India`s trade deficit, highlighting an important lesson for India, which is strengthening our domestic industries so that they can increase India`s exports and reduce our trade deficit. India has already signed a free trade agreement with all RCEP members except China, and the analysis of trade after the free trade agreement shows that India still has a trade deficit with all RCEP members. Fundamentally, therefore, it is not free trade agreements that require special attention, but the promotion and growth of domestic industries that require more attention. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): It is a regional association of 10 Southeast Asian countries. India was eager to join. But six years into the negotiations, concerns remain: ensuring that RCEP countries open their markets to Indian workers (services). India excels in the services sector, but the RCEP agreement does not provide better market access in the services sector, especially in the context of the movement of people, which is a disruptive factor for India. Recently, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) was signed by 15 countries, led by China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand and the 10-nation ASEAN Group, creating one of the world`s largest trading blocs. At the ASEAN Summit in Vietnam on November 15, 2020. RCEP has the potential to provide significant opportunities for businesses in the East Asian region, as the 16 countries participating in RCEP represent nearly half of the world`s population. account for about 30% of global GDP and more than a quarter of global exports.

RCEP will provide a framework to reduce trade barriers and ensure better market access for goods and services for businesses in the region. RCEP is seen as an agreement whereby China wants to increase its influence in the Indian Ocean region and Asia, India has a trade deficit with China that is greater than India`s combined trade deficit with all other RCEP members combined, so better access to China will further affect our trade deficit. “You don`t enter into free trade agreements just to make your market available to your partner countries. While taking into account your partner countries, your goal is to increase the presence of your products in your partners` markets, and India has not been able to achieve the latter target,” said trade expert Biswajit Dhar, a professor at JNU`s Centre for Economic Studies and Planning. “Our share of imports from RCEP partner countries is stagnating or has declined,” he said. Supply Chain Resilience Initiative (SCRI): SCRI is a Japanese initiative. Given attempts by countries like Japan to re-include India in the deal, there are also concerns that India`s decision could have implications for the Australia-India-Japan network in the Indo-Pacific. This could potentially hinder informal discussions to promote a supply chain resilience initiative between the three.

Recognizing India`s economic clout and value as a market, RCEP members left the door open for India to invite it as an observer member and also forwent an 18-month critical cooling period for interested candidates. India has not been able to put in place countermeasures such as an automatic trigger mechanism to increase tariffs on products when their imports exceed a certain threshold. He also wanted RCEP to exclude most-favoured-nation clauses from the investment chapter, in part because it did not want to grant the benefits it grants to strategic allies to countries with which it has border disputes, or for geopolitical reasons. India believed that the agreement would oblige it to extend benefits granted to other countries for sensitive sectors such as defence to all RCEP members. RCEP enters into force on January 1, 2022 and marks the formation of the world`s largest free trade area in terms of trade volume.